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Ulcerative Colitis is a inflammatory bowel disease that causes chronic inflammation of the cells that line the rectum and the colon (large intestine). The result is formation of ulcers, which can bleed profusely and upset the digestion process. Lifestyle adaptation and medication can control the inflammation and the effects of Ulcerative Colitis.


Stomach Pain & Diarrhoea

The first sign of Ulcerative Colitis is the stomach pain you get along with bloody diarrhoea. These symptoms may be irregular of persistent and very severe.

Sudden Weight Loss

Chronic inflammation of the alimentary canal leads to loss of appetite, weight loss, nausea and cessation from normal growth for children.

Other Warning Signs

Sometimes Ulcerative Colitis exhibits symptoms outside the alimentary canal. These symptoms include skin sores, joint pain, anaemia, fatigue and frequent fatigue are some other symptoms of UC.


More and more Indians are now diagnosed with Ulcerative Colitis. This can be attributed to their food habits and inability to be active. Ulcerative Colitis is more common between the age of 15 to 25 years. UC can be also hereditary.

Causes for Ulcerative Cancer

Ulcerative Colitis is still a mystery as far as any specific cause is found out. It is though suspected that it is an immune system. What happens is that the inflammation in the alimentary canal prevents the good bacteria in the Intestine to react differently. Gene mutation may contribute. Yet another cause is stress or diet that can bring about UC.

Urgent Care for UC

Ulcerative Colitis can sometimes get serious and usher you into a hospital. The condition can be due to a bleeding ulcer, uncontrolled diarrhoea and dehydration. The first thing a doctor will do is to prevent the loss of blood or fluids. If you get a tear in the colon then you will have to visit the doctor and undergo a surgery.

Effects of UC

Ulcerative Colitis hikes the risk of colon cancer especially when the entire colon is affected for long periods of time. Medical attention on priority is needed to put the UC into remission and lower the risk of cancer. Colonoscopy can detect colon cancer at an early stage.

How to Control UC?

Modern medicine has many drugs that can help get the inflammation out of the body and help with recovering the power of the alimentary system. Anti-inflammatory medicines are prescribed by doctors or use of biologic therapy which is the latest treatment for high risk Ulcerative colitis. If everything fails then the final treatment is surgery.

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When the body is unable to turn carbohydrates in the food you eat into energy there is a build up of sugar in the blood and this leads to Diabetes Mellitus or simply diabetes. When you are born with diabetes problem then it is type 1 diabetes and when you develop it in the later stages of life it is type 2.

As time goes by the build up of constant sugar affects the heart, eyes and nervous system which leads to damage in the organs and serious health conditions. Diabetes affects people regardless of age, the initial symptoms are mild but later it causes havoc. Many of those who have type 2 diabetes are unaware.


Mostly people with type 2 diabetes do not have any apparent symptoms. The first symptom though may be constant thirst. Other symptoms may be dry mouth, bigger appetite, frequent urination and unusual weight gain or loss. Later when diabetes is full blown then you may get headaches, blurred vision and constant fatigue.

The signs of serious high blood sugar and resultant problems may be cuts or sores that do not heal, frequent urinary tract infection and itchy skin in the groin area. A lower libido is also a sign of uncontrolled blood sugar.


The following are the risk factors which you can control and live with diabetes yet enjoy better health.

The conditions that can be controlled by you include:

  • Being overweight
  • Habitual smoking
  • Eating red meat and high fat dairy products
  • Consuming sugar and sweets
  • Controlling triglycerides and cholesterol levels
  • Conditions beyond control include your race or ethnicity, a family history of diabetes and ofcourse your age factor.


Diabetes is diagnosed by a doctor by taking a blood sample and doing an A1c test. It will show the average blood sugar level over the past 2-3 months. If you have been already diagnosed with diabetes your fasting and after food blood glucose will be tested to know the sugar levels and you may be diagnosed as diabetic or not.


Blood sugar levels can be controlled by changing diet and losing the extra weight through proper exercise. This will cut out the risk of complications. Keep a tab on the carbohydrate you consume. Keep the amount of food at every meal the same. Watch your intake of fat and protein and cut down on calories.

Regular exercise like cardio, walking and strength exercise can improve your insulin function and keep the sugar levels under control. Be active and get rid of body fat to lower blood pressure. At least 30 minutes of exercise daily is recommended.


The complications from diabetes are many and it includes clogging of blood vessels, neuropathy, eye problem which may lead to even blindness and mainly foot problems with unhealing sores and loss of sensation in the feet.


Your doctor will usually prescribe the relevant medication and advice lifestyle changes and dietary plan. If need you may be given insulin prescription to be followed for both type 1 and 2.

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Erectile Dysfunction is a condition that affects a lot of men especially as they age. Erectile Dysfunction happens when a man has consistent and repeated problems in sustaining an erection. Without proper treatment ED can play havoc with normal sexual life of a person since it prevents proper sexual intercourse. It is observed that 1 in 5 men are affected by the condition.

The doctor examines a patient to know the cause and severity of ED and depending on these factors further investigates any underlying health issues that may be causing it. Finally the doctor will offer a choice of treatments while explaining the risks and benefits of each treatment for you to make a final decision.

Oral Medicines

In the case of majority of men oral medicines have shown remarkable success. Generally oral medicines like Sidenafil (Viagra), Tadalafil (Cialis), Avanafil (Stendra) are prescribed.

These medicines enhance the effects of nitric oxide – a natural chemical that body produces to relax muscles in the penis. This increases the blood flow and allows to get the necessary erection response upon sexual stimulation. Oral erectile dysfunction medications are not aphrodisiacs and will not cause any excitement and not needed for men with normal erections. The possible side effects of such medicines include flushing, nasal congestion, headache, visual changes, backache and a bad stomach.
Usually doctors consider each patient’s condition to determine the medication. Before taking any medication for ED, including the OTC supplements and herbal medicines, get your doctor’s advice. This medicine should not be taken if the patient is taking medicines for chest pain (angina), have low or high blood pressure, have liver disease or have kidney disease or is undergoing dialysis.

Other Treatments

There are many alternative treatments for ED including self injection of medicine into the penis which can be painful and sometimes lead to bleeding, then testosterone replacement therapy for those who have low level of the male hormone testosterone and this can be administered through injection, patch, buccal cavity, intranasal or oral medicine, a penis pump which is a vacuum pump is placed over the penis and air is sucked out which pumps blood to the penis and causes erection, once the erection happens a tension ring is slipped on the penis base to hold the blood and thereby retain the erection for sexual intercourse, similarly a penile implant involves surgically placing a device on the sides of the penis which consists of inflatable or semirigid rods that induces an erection but as with any surgery may lead to infections, in some rare cases blood vessel surgery can help.

Lifestyle Changes

Doctors also suggest psychological counselling; asking patients to quit smoking, losing weight, doing proper exercises everyday, giving up alcohol and talking it out with the sexual partner and avoiding stress and anxiety are some of the other lifestyle adaptations to meet problems due to ED.
A patient with ED has all possibilities of stopping the problem by constantly seeking the doctor for medical advice and making certain relevant lifestyle changes so that ED does not assume uncontrollable proportions.

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Want to know more about your Cholestrol

Many of us relate cholesterol with fatty foods on the contrary the waxy substance is actually made by our own bodies.  It is the liver where 75% of our body’s cholesterol is produced and then it gets circulated in our blood. The rest of the 25% of course comes from the food we eat. Normally the presence of cholesterol is vital for the function of the cells in our body, but high cholesterol levels are detrimental to good health.

What are the symptoms of high cholesterol?

Unfortunately high cholesterol levels do not cause any apparent symptoms, but it causes relevant damage deep within our body. One example is the build up of plaque deep within the body over a period of time. This condition is called atherosclerosis and it narrows the space within the blood vessel thus affecting normal blood flow. This condition leads to heart attacks and heart diseases.

What is ‘Bad Cholesterol’?

It is the proteins that carry cholesterol in the blood and they are known as Low Density Lipoproteins or LDL. This is the bad cholesterol since it combines with other substances and gets deposited in the arterial walls. Usually a continuous diet consisting of high saturated fats and Trans fats raises the level of LDL cholesterol. Generally a score of LDL below 100 is considered healthy but for people with heart disease, it should be much lower than that.

What is ‘High Triglyceride’ level?

Normally the body converts excess of calories, sugar and alcohol etc. into triglycerides which is a type of fat that is carried by the blood and deposited in various fat cells in different parts of the body. Those who are overweight, inactive, smokers or heavy drinkers tend to have high triglycerides. High triglyceride is an occurrence in those who take a high-carb diet too. A high triglyceride score of 150 or more means your body is prone to get metabolic syndrome, which is linked to heart disease and diabetics.

What is ideal Cholesterol level?

The total cholesterol level is the measure of LDL, HDL and VLDL (very low density lipoprotein) in our bloodstream. A total cholesterol score of fewer than 200 is considered optimally healthy. People who have a high score are at increased risk of developing heart disease than those with a lower score.

Who can get high cholesterol?

There are several factors that lead you to high cholesterol levels. Some are as follows:

  • A family history of high cholesterol
  • A diet rich in saturated fats
  • Sedentary lifestyle and being overweight
  • Men have higher propensity to get High Cholesterol
  • Getting older

How to stop High Cholesterol?

The following steps can control high cholesterol.

  • Eat a fibre rich diet
  • Cut down animal products, tropical oils, baked and fried foods
  • Replace meat and milk with soya milk and fish
  • Take a low carb diet
  • Exercise, lose weight and quit smoking
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Children feel absolutely miserable when they get allergies, but these niggling allergies can always be prevented or controlled. First of all try to find out what causes a particular allergic reaction in a child and avoid those things. Learn a little bit about home medicines and treatments that can cure certain allergies.

Warm Compress

Like putting a warm compress on the eyes and forehead to ease sinus pressure. To soothe itchy eyes you can use a wet washcloth or ice pack on the eye lids and relieve the itchiness.


You can equip yourself with some lubricating over the counter eyedrops that can help soothe itchy eyes which children commonly complain of. Try not to use products for ‘red eye’ for a prolonged time because they may make the case worse. Also certain non-prescription antihistamines eyedrops help treat red and itchy eyes.

Salt Water

This is a grandmother’s secret to treat nose irritation in children, by spraying warm salt water into a child’s nostrils to stop the irritation. The salt water also helps in washing away unwanted dust, pollen and debris in the nose. Salt water also helps loosen the mucus and unclog the nostril.


Whenever your child complains of itching, sneezing and runny nose or water eyes reach for  a non-prescription antihistamine which your pharmacist suggested. These are non-prescription drugs that are safe on children. They come in the form of pills, liquid, chewable or melt away options. Even doctors suggest them and instruct on taking them once or twice a day. Some of these can make the child drowsy and so should be given just before bedtime.


A decongestant brings immediate relief to a child suffering from a stuffy nose. The side effects can make the child hyper active or cause sleep disturbances, so better use them for a shorter span. They are available as pills, liquids and sprays. Don’t use a decongestant for more than 3 days continuously.


Continuous runny nose or stuffiness that won’t go off with any of the home remedies needs to be shown to a doctor. There are certain steroid nose sprays usually prescribed by the doctor for such conditions. In rare cases doctor may even suggest steroid pills and liquids for few days. These steroids can control the symptoms until some more serious treatments commence.


If the child’s condition is not getting better then the doctor may suggest an anti allergy injection or shot. The injection may help the child become less sensitive to certain allergy triggers. Actually the child gets a tiny dose of the allergens that causes the allergy. This leads to ease the body’s reaction to the allergy on a daily basis. It may take several injection or shots to bring the desired result.

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Fatigue or tiredness is not always due to a malfunctioning thyroid and how will you know the difference when it is due to abnormal thyroid.

You can detect thyroid related fatigue when you cannot sustain energy levels as compared to past levels of fitness. If the thyroid is abnormal then sustained energy output is difficult. The first sign is that you are not able to do things which were normal routine during the past.

What are the symptoms of thyroid fatigue?

There are a few relevant symptoms for thyroid related fatigue which can be listed as follows.

  • Constantly feeling that you don’t have the energy to exercise and not exercising on a consistent basis.
  • You feel a heavy head or tired head especially in the afternoon as the head is a very strong indicator of the thyroid hormone status
  • Suddenly falling asleep whenever you sit down and especially when you have nothing to do
  • Body Pains and Joint Pains ON and OFF

If every day you wake up energized and have decent energy flow with mental and physical alertness along with a feeling of physical fitness then you don’t have anything to worry, you are not a victim of thyroid induced fatigue.

What is hypothyroidism?

The thyroid is a small butterfly shaped gland that produces hormones and influence every organ, tissue and cell in the body. Thyroid abnormalities if left untreated for long, leads to heart disease, infertility, weakness and osteoporosis. Hypothyroidism is the underactive performance of the thyroid which shows symptoms like fatigue, forgetfulness, depression, constipation and constant changes in weight and appetite.

What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism?

Apart from the constant fatigue other symptoms include depression and muscle weakness along with following ones

  • Not losing weight even after proper exercise and diet
  • High sensitivity to cold
  • Dry and rough skin along with dry tangled hair
  • The nails will be brittle
  • Hair loss from the top of the eyebrow

The most common way to find out hypothyroidism is to subject the patient to a Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Test (TSHT) and find out whether the result is between acceptable values.


What are the natural methods to restore thyroid levels?

Usually doctors treat hypothyroidism with artificial hormones and this therapy can have many side effects that are not conducive to health. Hence here are some natural methods of restoring thyroid levels.

  • Make sure you get optimum levels of selenium and iodine which are the raw materials of the thyroid gland to work normally
  • Take plenty of omega-3 fats from high quality food items and fish oils etc.
  • Keep your stress control under control; usually many people have abnormal thyroid glands as a result of weak adrenal glands. The thyroid glands tried to compensate for this and finally loses out
  • A sound night’s sleep in complete darkness also goes a long way in restoring thyroid levels.
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It’s time for office or school, so you skip the breakfast. You reach home late in the night – lazy to eat – skip dinner. Caught in the work and you skip lunch. These are the scenarios for people find excuse for dieting on the sly. They think that skipping meals is equal to diet and will help in weight loss or put them in shape. But on the contrary skipping timely meals can make you pay with health problems later.
Doctors and dieticians vouch for the fact that skipping meals can cause lot of health problems including cramps, ulcers and sickness.

What are side-effects of skipping meals?
There are umpteen side effects and here are the most common ones:

Sudden Change In Blood Sugar Levels

The sugar in our body helps generate energy and it is obtained from the breakdown of carbohydrates. The energy thus obtained is required for the normal functioning of the body. So if you skip a meal, the blood sugar levels can drop and later when you eat a big meal the sugar levels suddenly spikes all this affects the normal functioning of the organs and causes health problems.

Affects Moods & Concentration

The glucose obtained from food is the main source of energy that supplies the brain. Hence if you skip a meal, the brain will not receive enough glucose or energy and the result is a dull response from the brain every time. This results in feeling tired, sluggish, moody and irritable. When your body responds like this naturally the ability to concentrate is lost and it decreases the memory power too.

Effect on Metabolism

Skipping meals regularly shifts the system into starvation mode which means there will be an effort by the body to store energy. What the body does to conserve energy is actually slow down the metabolism and in effect your effort to lose weight will be slowed down.

Blood Pressure Problems

The drop in blood sugar because of avoiding meals results in your body stimulating hormones to compensate for the low glucose levels. This has a domino effect on the blood pressure system and causes it to increase. It can also cause the narrowing of the arteries in the future.

Causes Acidity and Ulcers

Skipping meals is known to cause lot of stomach related issues like acidity, gastric reflux, belching, flatulence and even ulcers. When you don’t take meals the empty stomach has a tendency to secrete gastric acid in the stomach, which can result in formation of ulcers in the stomach and alimentary canal. Every time you skip meals the acids so secreted attacks the stomach lining instead of working on the food you eat in normal conditions and this leads to formation of ulcers and severe abdominal pain.

Weight Gain

Skipping meals makes your body fear starvation, it over compensates by stubbornly holding on every calorie you consume. Your metabolism goes haywire, increasing your body’s fat storage, make you to gain weight.

Remedy for Skipped Meals

You should avoid skipping a meal, but when you cannot help it, better pack a lunch box and eat it once you reach the destination. If packing and taking food is a problem then you may as well have some buttermilk, fruit juice or simply a fruit Nuts to compensate. If all this is not possible due to an emergency, then drink a glass of water which will help to neutralise the acid and keep your stomach safe.
DO NOT FAST or FEAST, have food at regular intervals to maintain good health.

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Osteoporosis literally means “porous bones”. It is known that our bones remain strongest till the age of 30 and thereafter it begins to lose its density. Millions of people have osteoporosis which is more than the normal bone loss, which increases the risk of facture and injury. Mostly women over 50 are prone to osteoporosis and will undergo a fracture in their lifetime.

What are the symptoms?

Mostly people will not realize they have osteoporosis until they have an accident and fracture their bones or they will have a change in posture as years go by indicating the onset of osteoporosis. Many patients have significant bone loss even without realizing it for many years. Some symptoms include severe back pain, severe change in posture etc.

What causes osteoporosis?

Take into consideration our bones which are constantly being rebuilt all along our lifetime and this is done with the help of collagen a protein in our body which provides the basic framework and calcium phosphate which is a mineral that hardens the bones. What happens is that, as we age we lose more bone than is replaced. Especially in women this loss is greatest after menopause and leads to falls and fractures.

What are the risk factors?

There are several risk factors that are beyond human control. It is observed that those women who are thin and have small frames are more likely to develop osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is also dependent on family history or heredity and the ethnicity of the person. It is more common in Asians and Whites rather than Africans and Hispanics. Some conditions like type 1 diabetes, IBS, rheumatoid arthritis and hormonal imbalance also are linked to bone loss.

Controllable risk factors

A lifestyle involving smoking, excess drinking, a sedentary lifestyle and a diet low in calcium and vitamin D make a person more vulnerable to osteoporosis. Some medications including corticosteroids and anti-inflammatory medicines for treating asthma increase the risk of bone loss. Some eating disorder like anorexia and bulimia can also affect the bone health.

How is osteoporosis diagnosed?

Osteoporosis is easily detected in a patient by using certain tests. The doctor will first recommend a bone mineral density test if the patient is susceptible to osteoporosis or

  • Patient is over 50 years and has broken a bone
  • If the patient is a women over 65 and a man over 70
  • It is a women in menopause or over menopause
  • If it is a man over 50-69 years with risk factors

Doctors may also recommend DXA or low dose X-rays to measure the bone density in the hip and spine which will hardly take any time.

What are the treatments for osteoporosis?

After osteoporosis has been properly diagnosed the doctor will start you on a bone-boosting medicine or for women recommend a hormonal replacement treatment where estrogen is replaced using estrogen agents. Since this is a high risk medicine it is used in controlled measures and not usually prescribed. Today biological alternatives in the form of injections are available to be administered twice a year but this has its own side effects and should be used with discretion.

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It is observed that kidney stones have no single cause and it may occur due to several factors that increases the risk of a kidney stone. When urine contains substances like calcium, oxalate and uric acid more than the fluid in the urine can dilute then these substances form crystals and finally blocks the urinary tract or gets lodged in the kidney and become kidney stones.

The expansive Urology department in Annai Arul Hospital specialised in treating kidney stones with the finest and latest of equipments and has all the expertise to treat any kind of stones irrespective of its position or size.

What are the types of kidney stones?

There are several types of kidney stones based on their constituents. Most of the kidney stones are Calcium Stones. Certain foods, fruits and even the liver produces oxalate or calcium in the urine apart from certain metabolic disorders. Uric Acid Stones are generally formed when intake of fluids especially water is very less, those who consume too much protein and it may be also caused due to certain genetic factors. Cystine Stones occur in those with hereditary disorders that produce too much amino-acid in the body.

What causes kidney stones?

There are wide variety of causes that increases the risk of getting kidney stones and this may include family or personal history, severe dehydration, certain high sodium diets, having a high BMI or being obese, people with chronic digestive diseases or those who have undergone some sort of surgery and conditions like renal tubular acidosis, hyper parathyroidism as well as those with persistant urinary tract infection are at high risk of being afflicted with kidney stones.

What are the tests for kidney stones?

The tests for suspected kidney stones includes blood tests to determine the health of the kidneys, urine testing to look for stone forming substances, CT scanning to detect stones in the urinary tract, ultrasound and urography with injected dye is also performed as per the severity of the case, at times the stones are passed through urine and this is analysed in labs to know the exact type of stones.

What are the treatments? 

Mostly kidney stones do not require invasive surgical treatments. The stones can be treated by drinking copious amounts of water and by medicines that break down and pass the stones through urine. This is true for most of the small kidney stones but when the stone is bigger it require surgery.

Before using surgery kidney stones are tried to be broken using sound waves called lithotripsy, which are then passed out through the urine. Keyhole surgery at the backside is performed to remove larger stones. At times a scope with a lighted end is passed through the urethra and bladder to the ureter and then special tools at the end of the cable either blasts the stones into smaller pieces or breaks them and sucks them out.

How to prevent kidney stones?

There can be subtle lifestyle changes that help in preventing formation of kidney stones like drinking plenty of water, choosing a diet low in salt and animal protein or eating less of oxalate rich food combined with weight loss and proper exercise can prevent kidney disease.

If at all a patient has continuous pain radiating from your back or difficulties in passing urine remember to reach the finest of medical facility like Annai Arul Hospital.

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What is Appendicitis and its emergency symptoms.?


There is a pouch-shaped vestigial organ (no vital function) in our body which is connected to the large intestine and this is called as appendix. When there is an inflammation of this appendix it is called as appendicitis. If proper treatment is not taken then the appendix can rupture and cause life threatening situations. Hospitals like Annai Arul Hospital are fully equipped to treat all kinds of emergencies including the appendicitis in any condition. Giving proper and immediate medical attention is the way to full recovery and normal life.

The appendix is located on the lower right-hand side of the abdomen. Though, usually the pain from appendicitis may start from the middle of the abdomen. The emergency treatment for appendicitis is always surgery which re moves the appendix. After the surgery, in most of the cases patients recover in due time without any complications.



Though there is no specific function for the appendix since it is a vestigial organ there is blood supply to the organ and it is connected with the large intestine. When there is a blockage or obstruction in the appendix an inflammation and resultant infection occurs. The blockage results in the build up of mucus, parasites and fecal matter. When this happens there is a congregation of bacteria in the area which multiplies inside the organ. This causes the appendix to swell and get irritated and finally leading to appendicitis.



There are a variety of symptoms to indicate appendicitis. Though not everyone will have similar symptoms. What is crucial is to consult a medical expert at the earliest. The appendix is dangerous since it can rupture anywhere between 48 to 72 hours time after the onset of the symptoms. You should consult a doctor or reach the nearest medical centre like Annai Arul Hospital to receive expert medical intervention if you have any of the following symptoms:

Abdominal Pain

There will be gradual onset of dull, cramping or aching pain throughout the abdomen during the beginning of appendicitis. As the appendix slowly gets more swollen and inflamed, it will start irritating the lining of the abdominal wall and causes localize sharp pain in the lower part of the abdomen. This pain will be constant and severe than the initial pain.  If the appendix lies behind the colon then it causes lower back pain too.

Continuous mild fever

When afflicted with appendicitis it causes a mild f ever upto 100 degree Fahrenheit. There may also be some chills. If the appendix has bursts the resulting infection could also cause this fever to escalate. A fever more than 1010 F and elevation in heart rate means the appendix has ruptured.

Digestive Disorder

The first signs of a serious appendicitis are the onset of nausea and vomiting. There is general lack of appetite and sometimes severe constipation. The presence of diarrhea and even trouble in passing gas indicates that there is partial or total obstruction of the bowel. All these show the presence of appendicitis problem.

Timely and expert medical treatment and if needed surgery can prevent life threatening situation. This sort of speciality treatment is readily available in hospitals like Annai Arul Hospital which has a team of doctors, 24 hour ICU, modern surgical facilities and excellent facilities for recovering from an appendicitis surgery.

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