Orthopaedic surgery requires specialized facilities and expertise especially joint replacement surgery which is very rampant among the ageing population and due to various lifestyle diseases. As far as joint replacement surgery is considered Chennai has emerged as a nerve center with patients flocking to the city to find solution to their joint problems.
- Structure of the Knee
The knee is the largest joint in the body and when it is healthy helps in performing the everyday activities like walking, running, sitting and lying down with ease. The knee consists of the lower end of the thighbone, the upper end of the shinbone called the Tibia and the knee cap called the Patella. The ends of these bones where they coincide are covered with particular cartilage. The articular cartilage is a smooth substance that protects the bones and helps them move without friction.
- Arthritis and Knee Pain
There are several types of arthritis that may cause knee pain but the most commonly knee pain occurs due to osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and post-traumatic arthritis.
Osteoarthritis – It is age related wear and tear type of arthritis that mostly occurs in those aged above 50 years.
Rheumatoid Arthritis – When the knee joint and surrounding become inflamed and thickened it may be due to rheumatoid arthritis. The inflammation turns chronic and will damage the cartilage causing severe pain and stiffness.
Post-traumatic Arthritis – It is caused due to some sort of serious knee injury. The ACL or articular cartilage ligament gets torn or damaged due to over exertion, sports activity etc and thus cause severe pain, stiffness and immobility.
- Knee Replacement
Excruciating pain and immobility is experienced by lot of patients due to knee problems. When medications and other treatments fail the only solution is the knee replacement surgery. Usually total knee replacement is performed if the knee is severely damaged due to arthritis or injury. Patients suffering from arthritis cannot perform daily tasks like walking or climbing stairs. There will be excruciating pain when they sit or lie down. Knee replacement is the most effective procedure to relieve the pain, correct the deformity if any and help the patient get back to normal life.
- Knee Surgery Procedure
The knee replacement surgery is called as arthroplasty. It is a procedure for replacing the surface of the bones.
The procedure has four main steps:
- Preparing the bone: The damaged cartilage is removed and the surface cleaned.
- Positioning the implant: The removed cartilage is replaced with a metal implant.
- Resurfacing the kneecap: The kneecap is cut and then resurfaced with a plastic button.
- Inserting the Spacer: A plastic spacer is inserted in-between the metal components to give smooth surface.
With advanced technology and quality implants the knee replacement surgery has been very successful and is the best solution for severe knee pain. Among leading hospitals in Chennai, the Annai Arul Hospital is fully equipped to provide the best of Knee replacement surgeries with finest care and total patient satisfaction.