It is observed that kidney stones have no single cause and it may occur due to several factors that increases the risk of a kidney stone. When urine contains substances like calcium, oxalate and uric acid more than the fluid in the urine can dilute then these substances form crystals and finally blocks the urinary tract or gets lodged in the kidney and become kidney stones.
The expansive Urology department in Annai Arul Hospital specialised in treating kidney stones with the finest and latest of equipments and has all the expertise to treat any kind of stones irrespective of its position or size.
What are the types of kidney stones?
There are several types of kidney stones based on their constituents. Most of the kidney stones are Calcium Stones. Certain foods, fruits and even the liver produces oxalate or calcium in the urine apart from certain metabolic disorders. Uric Acid Stones are generally formed when intake of fluids especially water is very less, those who consume too much protein and it may be also caused due to certain genetic factors. Cystine Stones occur in those with hereditary disorders that produce too much amino-acid in the body.
What causes kidney stones?
There are wide variety of causes that increases the risk of getting kidney stones and this may include family or personal history, severe dehydration, certain high sodium diets, having a high BMI or being obese, people with chronic digestive diseases or those who have undergone some sort of surgery and conditions like renal tubular acidosis, hyper parathyroidism as well as those with persistant urinary tract infection are at high risk of being afflicted with kidney stones.
What are the tests for kidney stones?
The tests for suspected kidney stones includes blood tests to determine the health of the kidneys, urine testing to look for stone forming substances, CT scanning to detect stones in the urinary tract, ultrasound and urography with injected dye is also performed as per the severity of the case, at times the stones are passed through urine and this is analysed in labs to know the exact type of stones.
What are the treatments?
Mostly kidney stones do not require invasive surgical treatments. The stones can be treated by drinking copious amounts of water and by medicines that break down and pass the stones through urine. This is true for most of the small kidney stones but when the stone is bigger it require surgery.
Before using surgery kidney stones are tried to be broken using sound waves called lithotripsy, which are then passed out through the urine. Keyhole surgery at the backside is performed to remove larger stones. At times a scope with a lighted end is passed through the urethra and bladder to the ureter and then special tools at the end of the cable either blasts the stones into smaller pieces or breaks them and sucks them out.
How to prevent kidney stones?
There can be subtle lifestyle changes that help in preventing formation of kidney stones like drinking plenty of water, choosing a diet low in salt and animal protein or eating less of oxalate rich food combined with weight loss and proper exercise can prevent kidney disease.
If at all a patient has continuous pain radiating from your back or difficulties in passing urine remember to reach the finest of medical facility like Annai Arul Hospital.