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All Posts in Category: best kidney hospital in chennai

CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF OSTEOPOROSIS

Osteoporosis literally means “porous bones”. It is known that our bones remain strongest till the age of 30 and thereafter it begins to lose its density. Millions of people have osteoporosis which is more than the normal bone loss, which increases the risk of facture and injury. Mostly women over 50 are prone to osteoporosis and will undergo a fracture in their lifetime.

What are the symptoms?

Mostly people will not realize they have osteoporosis until they have an accident and fracture their bones or they will have a change in posture as years go by indicating the onset of osteoporosis. Many patients have significant bone loss even without realizing it for many years. Some symptoms include severe back pain, severe change in posture etc.

What causes osteoporosis?

Take into consideration our bones which are constantly being rebuilt all along our lifetime and this is done with the help of collagen a protein in our body which provides the basic framework and calcium phosphate which is a mineral that hardens the bones. What happens is that, as we age we lose more bone than is replaced. Especially in women this loss is greatest after menopause and leads to falls and fractures.

What are the risk factors?

There are several risk factors that are beyond human control. It is observed that those women who are thin and have small frames are more likely to develop osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is also dependent on family history or heredity and the ethnicity of the person. It is more common in Asians and Whites rather than Africans and Hispanics. Some conditions like type 1 diabetes, IBS, rheumatoid arthritis and hormonal imbalance also are linked to bone loss.

Controllable risk factors

A lifestyle involving smoking, excess drinking, a sedentary lifestyle and a diet low in calcium and vitamin D make a person more vulnerable to osteoporosis. Some medications including corticosteroids and anti-inflammatory medicines for treating asthma increase the risk of bone loss. Some eating disorder like anorexia and bulimia can also affect the bone health.

How is osteoporosis diagnosed?

Osteoporosis is easily detected in a patient by using certain tests. The doctor will first recommend a bone mineral density test if the patient is susceptible to osteoporosis or

  • Patient is over 50 years and has broken a bone
  • If the patient is a women over 65 and a man over 70
  • It is a women in menopause or over menopause
  • If it is a man over 50-69 years with risk factors

Doctors may also recommend DXA or low dose X-rays to measure the bone density in the hip and spine which will hardly take any time.

What are the treatments for osteoporosis?

After osteoporosis has been properly diagnosed the doctor will start you on a bone-boosting medicine or for women recommend a hormonal replacement treatment where estrogen is replaced using estrogen agents. Since this is a high risk medicine it is used in controlled measures and not usually prescribed. Today biological alternatives in the form of injections are available to be administered twice a year but this has its own side effects and should be used with discretion.


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WHAT CAUSES KIDNEY STONE AND TIME TAKEN TO GET OVER IT?

It is observed that kidney stones have no single cause and it may occur due to several factors that increases the risk of a kidney stone. When urine contains substances like calcium, oxalate and uric acid more than the fluid in the urine can dilute then these substances form crystals and finally blocks the urinary tract or gets lodged in the kidney and become kidney stones.

The expansive Urology department in Annai Arul Hospital specialised in treating kidney stones with the finest and latest of equipments and has all the expertise to treat any kind of stones irrespective of its position or size.

What are the types of kidney stones?

There are several types of kidney stones based on their constituents. Most of the kidney stones are Calcium Stones. Certain foods, fruits and even the liver produces oxalate or calcium in the urine apart from certain metabolic disorders. Uric Acid Stones are generally formed when intake of fluids especially water is very less, those who consume too much protein and it may be also caused due to certain genetic factors. Cystine Stones occur in those with hereditary disorders that produce too much amino-acid in the body.

What causes kidney stones?

There are wide variety of causes that increases the risk of getting kidney stones and this may include family or personal history, severe dehydration, certain high sodium diets, having a high BMI or being obese, people with chronic digestive diseases or those who have undergone some sort of surgery and conditions like renal tubular acidosis, hyper parathyroidism as well as those with persistant urinary tract infection are at high risk of being afflicted with kidney stones.

What are the tests for kidney stones?

The tests for suspected kidney stones includes blood tests to determine the health of the kidneys, urine testing to look for stone forming substances, CT scanning to detect stones in the urinary tract, ultrasound and urography with injected dye is also performed as per the severity of the case, at times the stones are passed through urine and this is analysed in labs to know the exact type of stones.

What are the treatments? 

Mostly kidney stones do not require invasive surgical treatments. The stones can be treated by drinking copious amounts of water and by medicines that break down and pass the stones through urine. This is true for most of the small kidney stones but when the stone is bigger it require surgery.

Before using surgery kidney stones are tried to be broken using sound waves called lithotripsy, which are then passed out through the urine. Keyhole surgery at the backside is performed to remove larger stones. At times a scope with a lighted end is passed through the urethra and bladder to the ureter and then special tools at the end of the cable either blasts the stones into smaller pieces or breaks them and sucks them out.

How to prevent kidney stones?

There can be subtle lifestyle changes that help in preventing formation of kidney stones like drinking plenty of water, choosing a diet low in salt and animal protein or eating less of oxalate rich food combined with weight loss and proper exercise can prevent kidney disease.

If at all a patient has continuous pain radiating from your back or difficulties in passing urine remember to reach the finest of medical facility like Annai Arul Hospital.

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What is Appendicitis and its emergency symptoms.?

WHAT IS APPENDICITIS AND ITS EMERGENCY SYMPTOMS?

There is a pouch-shaped vestigial organ (no vital function) in our body which is connected to the large intestine and this is called as appendix. When there is an inflammation of this appendix it is called as appendicitis. If proper treatment is not taken then the appendix can rupture and cause life threatening situations. Hospitals like Annai Arul Hospital are fully equipped to treat all kinds of emergencies including the appendicitis in any condition. Giving proper and immediate medical attention is the way to full recovery and normal life.

The appendix is located on the lower right-hand side of the abdomen. Though, usually the pain from appendicitis may start from the middle of the abdomen. The emergency treatment for appendicitis is always surgery which re moves the appendix. After the surgery, in most of the cases patients recover in due time without any complications.

 

WHAT CAUSES APPENDICITIS?

Though there is no specific function for the appendix since it is a vestigial organ there is blood supply to the organ and it is connected with the large intestine. When there is a blockage or obstruction in the appendix an inflammation and resultant infection occurs. The blockage results in the build up of mucus, parasites and fecal matter. When this happens there is a congregation of bacteria in the area which multiplies inside the organ. This causes the appendix to swell and get irritated and finally leading to appendicitis.

 

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF APPENDICITIS?

There are a variety of symptoms to indicate appendicitis. Though not everyone will have similar symptoms. What is crucial is to consult a medical expert at the earliest. The appendix is dangerous since it can rupture anywhere between 48 to 72 hours time after the onset of the symptoms. You should consult a doctor or reach the nearest medical centre like Annai Arul Hospital to receive expert medical intervention if you have any of the following symptoms:

Abdominal Pain

There will be gradual onset of dull, cramping or aching pain throughout the abdomen during the beginning of appendicitis. As the appendix slowly gets more swollen and inflamed, it will start irritating the lining of the abdominal wall and causes localize sharp pain in the lower part of the abdomen. This pain will be constant and severe than the initial pain.  If the appendix lies behind the colon then it causes lower back pain too.

Continuous mild fever

When afflicted with appendicitis it causes a mild f ever upto 100 degree Fahrenheit. There may also be some chills. If the appendix has bursts the resulting infection could also cause this fever to escalate. A fever more than 1010 F and elevation in heart rate means the appendix has ruptured.

Digestive Disorder

The first signs of a serious appendicitis are the onset of nausea and vomiting. There is general lack of appetite and sometimes severe constipation. The presence of diarrhea and even trouble in passing gas indicates that there is partial or total obstruction of the bowel. All these show the presence of appendicitis problem.

Timely and expert medical treatment and if needed surgery can prevent life threatening situation. This sort of speciality treatment is readily available in hospitals like Annai Arul Hospital which has a team of doctors, 24 hour ICU, modern surgical facilities and excellent facilities for recovering from an appendicitis surgery.

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The Dengue Mosquito

About Dengue:
The dengue mosquito breeds in stagnant clear waters like water filled flower pots coolers and water cans.
Symptoms are High fever, Body pain, Headache, Vomiting, Fatigue, Rashes.
Do’s
• Use mosquito repellent/net
• Body should be covered as much as possible.
• Consume fruits such as Orange, Papaya.
• Herbal fumigation
• Neem water bath is good.
• Taking Tulsi decoction (15-20 leaves, 5mg ginger, 10 peppers, 1/2 teaspoon of pure turmeric powder are boiled for 10 minutes) is good.
• Consume large amount of fluids.
• Adequate rest.
• CONSULT A DOCTOR

Don’ts
• let water stagnate in coolers, containers, garbage, etc.
• keep unscreened doors and windows closed.
• avoid using clothes that expose arms and legs.
• let children play outdoors in shorts and half or without sleeves clothes.
• Most importantly – DO NOT DELAY VISITING A DOCTOR.

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State Nursing Workshop on Basic Life Support

Annai Arul hospital conducted a State Nursing Workshop for the nursing staffs on Basic Life Support on the 29th of Aug 2016. The programme started with a presentation regarding the components of BLS by Mrs. Lydia Agnes, lead Clinical Instructor at American Heart Association and TACT Academy followed by the practical session on CPR for Adults, Children and Infants. Dr. Gnanasekar Consultant Anaesthetist at Annai Arul Hospital presented the step by step process on Chain of Survival. Around 45 nurses participated in the training programme; staffs were awarded with certificates and license for BLS.

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