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All Posts in Category: Best Cardiology Hospital in Chennai

CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF OSTEOPOROSIS

Osteoporosis literally means “porous bones”. It is known that our bones remain strongest till the age of 30 and thereafter it begins to lose its density. Millions of people have osteoporosis which is more than the normal bone loss, which increases the risk of facture and injury. Mostly women over 50 are prone to osteoporosis and will undergo a fracture in their lifetime.

What are the symptoms?

Mostly people will not realize they have osteoporosis until they have an accident and fracture their bones or they will have a change in posture as years go by indicating the onset of osteoporosis. Many patients have significant bone loss even without realizing it for many years. Some symptoms include severe back pain, severe change in posture etc.

What causes osteoporosis?

Take into consideration our bones which are constantly being rebuilt all along our lifetime and this is done with the help of collagen a protein in our body which provides the basic framework and calcium phosphate which is a mineral that hardens the bones. What happens is that, as we age we lose more bone than is replaced. Especially in women this loss is greatest after menopause and leads to falls and fractures.

What are the risk factors?

There are several risk factors that are beyond human control. It is observed that those women who are thin and have small frames are more likely to develop osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is also dependent on family history or heredity and the ethnicity of the person. It is more common in Asians and Whites rather than Africans and Hispanics. Some conditions like type 1 diabetes, IBS, rheumatoid arthritis and hormonal imbalance also are linked to bone loss.

Controllable risk factors

A lifestyle involving smoking, excess drinking, a sedentary lifestyle and a diet low in calcium and vitamin D make a person more vulnerable to osteoporosis. Some medications including corticosteroids and anti-inflammatory medicines for treating asthma increase the risk of bone loss. Some eating disorder like anorexia and bulimia can also affect the bone health.

How is osteoporosis diagnosed?

Osteoporosis is easily detected in a patient by using certain tests. The doctor will first recommend a bone mineral density test if the patient is susceptible to osteoporosis or

  • Patient is over 50 years and has broken a bone
  • If the patient is a women over 65 and a man over 70
  • It is a women in menopause or over menopause
  • If it is a man over 50-69 years with risk factors

Doctors may also recommend DXA or low dose X-rays to measure the bone density in the hip and spine which will hardly take any time.

What are the treatments for osteoporosis?

After osteoporosis has been properly diagnosed the doctor will start you on a bone-boosting medicine or for women recommend a hormonal replacement treatment where estrogen is replaced using estrogen agents. Since this is a high risk medicine it is used in controlled measures and not usually prescribed. Today biological alternatives in the form of injections are available to be administered twice a year but this has its own side effects and should be used with discretion.


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The Dengue Mosquito

About Dengue:
The dengue mosquito breeds in stagnant clear waters like water filled flower pots coolers and water cans.
Symptoms are High fever, Body pain, Headache, Vomiting, Fatigue, Rashes.
Do’s
• Use mosquito repellent/net
• Body should be covered as much as possible.
• Consume fruits such as Orange, Papaya.
• Herbal fumigation
• Neem water bath is good.
• Taking Tulsi decoction (15-20 leaves, 5mg ginger, 10 peppers, 1/2 teaspoon of pure turmeric powder are boiled for 10 minutes) is good.
• Consume large amount of fluids.
• Adequate rest.
• CONSULT A DOCTOR

Don’ts
• let water stagnate in coolers, containers, garbage, etc.
• keep unscreened doors and windows closed.
• avoid using clothes that expose arms and legs.
• let children play outdoors in shorts and half or without sleeves clothes.
• Most importantly – DO NOT DELAY VISITING A DOCTOR.

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State Nursing Workshop on Basic Life Support

Annai Arul hospital conducted a State Nursing Workshop for the nursing staffs on Basic Life Support on the 29th of Aug 2016. The programme started with a presentation regarding the components of BLS by Mrs. Lydia Agnes, lead Clinical Instructor at American Heart Association and TACT Academy followed by the practical session on CPR for Adults, Children and Infants. Dr. Gnanasekar Consultant Anaesthetist at Annai Arul Hospital presented the step by step process on Chain of Survival. Around 45 nurses participated in the training programme; staffs were awarded with certificates and license for BLS.

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Doctor-Patient Contact Program

The department of Nephrology and Urology at Annai Arul hospital conducted a Doctor patient contact program on 28th Aug 2016. The program was conducted to educate the patients and their care givers about the importance of Dialysis, kidney transplantation and the lifestyle that they need to adapt to maintain good health. Talks on nutrition and dietics, motivational speech and doctor-patient interactive session were quite useful for the patients and their care givers.

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CME on Golden Hours in Open Fractures

On 11th Aug 2016, the department of Orthopaedics at Annai Arul Hospital conducted a CME on Golden Hour in Open Fractures at Radisson Blu Hotel. Prof. Dr. S. Ramesh Babu MBBS., DNB, MS., Mch, Director of SPOT Hospital was invited as the Chief Guest and Chairperson of the CME. Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon Dr. K. Chittaranjan MS., presented about Open Fractures and its Challenges, Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon Dr. K.V. Jayaprakash MS., presented about Primary Stabilization in Open Fractures and Consultant Plastic Surgeon Dr. B.A. Ramesh MS., Mch., FRCS, presented about Soft Tissue Reconstruction in Open Fractures.

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