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ADULT VACCINES TO PROTECT YOURSELF

Everyone should get a flu vaccination every year, is what flu experts are recommending. Each year the vaccine is decided based on the strains of influenza virus that are expected to be widespread that season.  Flu shots are available at all leading hospitals, clinics and doctor’s offices.

 Tetanus Vaccine

 Bacteria that causes tetanus enters the body through a wound or cut. Tetanus leads to severe muscle spasms, stiffness and lockjaw

with inability to open your mouth or swallow. Tdap (tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis) is a one-time vaccine and Td (tetanus-diphtheria) every 10 years is all that you need to prevent it. Pregnant mother should receive 2 dose if not previously immunized.

 Prevent Chicken-Pox

 You can avoid chickenpox (varicella) with some precautions. But still you can get it by being in a room with someone who has it.

Usually adults with chickenpox have a higher risk of complications, hospitalisation and death. Varicella infection is more severe in a pregnant woman and it can be a medical emergency. Chickenpox infection also puts a person at risk of shingles and the chickenpox vaccine offers some protection against it too.

 HPV Vaccine

 HPV vaccines protect men and women against strains of papillomavirus before sexual exposure. The virus causes cervical cancers in women and throat cancers in men. Some available HPV vaccines also protects against genital warts in both sexes. The virus occurs due to sexual contact.

Protect from Meningitis

 Usually young adults who live in college dorms, travelers to certain areas and those who stay in military camps are prone to be affected with meningitis since it spreads fast through such over crowd communities. They should get vaccinated against meningococcal disease which is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis. Each year a lot of people die around the world due to meningitis. Those who don’t die suffer from brain damage or hearing loss.

 Protect from Hepatitis

 Hepatitis virus can affect you without even knowing about it. The risk factors of hepatitis A include consuming contaminated food and water.  An infected person may spread it by not washing hands after going to the toilet. Hepatitis B spread by contact of blood or body fluid from the infected person. Sharing needles during drug use is also another reason and same sex practice. Hepatitis B can lead to serious damage and even death. Consult your doctor for a Hepatitis shot. Hepatitis A : 2 dose 6-12

Months apart; Hepatatis B – 3 dose

Similarly protect yourself with vaccines against measles, mumps and rubella or pneumococcus which causes.

Streptococcus Pneumonia : Recommended for younger people with chronic medical problems such as heart disease, diabetes, renal failure, sickle cell anaemia, usually given once> 65 years of age.

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